From the oceans’ depths to the insides of atoms, researchers of all stripes have found inspiration in the surf.

ocean waves

When environmental scientist Easkey Britton was growing up on Ireland’s northwestern coast, the sea crept into every corner of her life. To get to school every morning, she took a shortcut across a beach that could only be crossed at low tide, so she learned to read tide tables and the buoys’ bob and weave. She knew what weather was coming by the feel of the air that rolled off the Atlantic Ocean’s wild expanse.
And maybe most importantly, Britton surfed, which she says trained her to look for patterns in the natural world. “Part of becoming a surfer then was learning the weather systems and how they work, so from an early age I became a meteorologist,” she says. “I didn’t realize then that it was all training, in a way, to become a scientist.”
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The History of the Golf Club


Factors influencing the design of clubs

There are a number of factors that have influenced club design, particularly irons. These are the nature of the terrain in which they were used, the technology available to make them, the rules set up to govern what could or could not be used, and in recent years, physics and computer aided design. A major influence has been the golf ball itself. New club styles have tended to follow innovations in ball design.

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Please visit Timothy Krupica’s social media, blogs, and websites.


The fascinating history of the game of golf.


100 BC Early forms of Golf traced back to the Roman game of paganica, in which participants used a bent stick to hit a stuffed leather ball
960-1279 Games similar to golf – called chuíw án — played with several clubs and a ball are being played in China during the Song Dynasty
15th Century The origin of the modern game is usually traced to Scotland. In the 15th century
1457 The Scottish Parliament passed several acts banning the practice of the game, along with football (soccer), because the two sports were interfering with archery practice, which was necessary for national defence. The first act was passed in 1457 by James II, King of Scotland, and it was reaffirmed in 1471and 1491.

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April Fools’ Crash: China’s Space Station Will Most Likely Fall to Earth on Sunday

ss t1
This map shows the current position and orbit of Tiangong-1 in red, with the remaining ground tracks indicating the uncertainty in the re-entry prediction as of March 30, 2018.
Credit: The Aerospace Corporation


It sure looks like the abandoned Chinese space station Tiangong-1 will put on its re-entry light show on April Fools’ Day.

The European Space Agency (ESA), which has been tracking the prototype habitat through its final days and hours, now predicts (as of March 31) it will re-enter the atmosphere within a window centered on April 1 at around 23:25 UTC (7:25 p.m. EST) and running into the early morning of April 2. The ESA’s updated forecast moves a little later after accounting for lower solar activity, the ESA said.

The Aerospace Corporation, which has also been tracking the falling station, more or less concurs, writing that the uncontrolled re-entry should happen around 20:30 UTC (4:30 p.m. EST) on April 1, give or take 8 hours.

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In Search Of The Perfect Golf Swing

HaraldMM via flickr |

Wednesday, December 9, 2015 – 16:15

Peter Gwynne, Contributor

(Inside Science) – You’re eagerly waiting to try out your new set of golf clubs. But before you set out for the course, you can benefit from a lesson or two – in physics.

“Knowing a few things about the fundamental processes involved in the golf swing is very helpful on the course,” said Peter Dewhurst.

A professor emeritus in theoretical and applied mechanics, and industrial engineering at the University of Rhode Island, in Kingston, Dewhurst has written “The Science of the Perfect Swing,” recently published by Oxford University Press.

The book details research by himself and others on the mechanics of golf swings, along with detailed explanations of the science revealed by that research.

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The 10 Coolest U.S. Cities to Visit in 2018


Certain cities are on everyone’s wish lists: New York, Austin, Nashville. And they belong on those lists.

But it’s a big country, and there are so many more places to see—including, increasingly, cities that we never would have given a second glance. Thanks to grassroots and civic revitalization projects, creative types taking advantage of cheap real estate, and the realization that small can be beautiful, a new list of must-see cities is forming.

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